Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office; Julius Bien, 1870-1880. Julius Bien. First edition. Hardcover. Professional Papers of the Engineer Department, U. S. Army. No. 18. Seven volumes plus one atlas. Does not have the general atlas. Quarto [30 cm] Volume 1 is bound in 3/4 leather (with some additional skillful restoration work to the binding), and the remaining volumes are in the publisher's original green cloth. Volume 3 once belonged to The Long Island Historical Society (with deaccession stamp on title page). Volumes 4 and 7 have been professionally rebacked, and the hinges of volume 7 have been expertly reinforced. With moderate wear to the spine and boards, and the underlying boards periodically exposed along the edges of the covers. There are only very occasional cracks in the text blocks. Internally very good with plates having little or no foxing. Several pages have small ink stamps from private clubs and booksellers. Volumes include: Vol. I: Systematic Geology by Clarence King (1878); Vol. II: Descriptive Geology by Arnold Hague and S. F. Emmons (1877); Vol. III: Mining Industry by James D. Hague (1870); Vol. IV: Paleontology and Ornithology by Meek, Hall, Whitfield, and Ridgway (1877); Vol. V: Botany by Sereno Watson, et al., (1871); Vol. VI, Microscopical Petrography by Ferdinand Zirkel (1876). Vol. VII: Odontornithes: A Monograph on the Extinct Toothed Birds of North America (1880). ****The introductory pages, including the title, are those belonging to volume 2, however this is really volume 7. All plates and maps are present in each volume. In exceptional condition. The atlas volume is an oblong elephant folio, in original 3/4 brown morocco over red-brown cloth, with cover title in gilt (scuffing to the extremities of the boards). 14 plates, all but one in color. Bartlett, Great Surveys of the American West. Very good. Item #55724
One of the four major geological surveys of the western United States which took place in the years following the Civil War. This early monumental survey took place in 1867, under the direction of Clarence King (1842-1901). King, a graduate of Yale's Sheffield Scientific School, was only 25 years old when he was appointed Geologist in charge of the exploration along the 40th Parallel, which spanned from Eastern Colorado to California. This expedition represented the first major attempt to map the area in detail, and was one of the first expeditions to use the medium of photography to capture images and activities of the expedition. Timothy O'Sullivan (1840-1882), known for his images of the Civil War, was the photographer for the King survey. His photographs were subsequently reproduced in lithograph form by Julius Bien for inclusion in the published volumes reporting on the expedition. Many of O'Sullivan's original photographs from the 40th Parallel expedition are now in the collection of The George Eastman House in New York and are a unique archive depicting the American West. In 1879, the United States Geological Survey was established and appointed Clarence King its first director. In 1881, King resigned this position to pursue other scientific interests leaving John Wesley Powell (1834-1902) as his successor.